Skip to content

Mullaperiyar Agreement

by admin on September 28th, 2021

The agreement was renewed in the 1970s by the two national governments of independent India. Tamil Nadu obtained the rights to the dam`s land and water as well as the power to develop hydropower projects at the site, and Kerala received rent in exchange. After independence in 1947, the Kerala government declared that the previous agreement between British Raj and Travancore was invalid and needed to be renewed. The agreement was renewed in 1970, when Cchutha Menon was Prime Minister of Kerala and, as a result, the Government of Tamil Nadu operated the dam and paid it to the Government of Kerala for the past 50 years. On November 1, 1956, the state of Kerala was formed by the States Reorganisation Act, which merged the Malabar district of Travancore-Cochin (with the exception of four southern Taluks which merged with Tamil Nadu) and the Taluk of Kasargod, South Canara. [30] The Kerala state government announced that the previous agreement, signed between the British Raj and Travancore, was invalid and needed to be renewed. [Citation required] For Tamil Nadu, the Mullaperiyar Dam and the diverted waters of Periyar serve as a vital artery for the districts of Theni, Madurai, Sivaganga and Ramnad and provide water for irrigation and drinking as well as for power generation to the Lower Periyar power plant. Tamil Nadu insisted on exercising its full rights of control of the dam and its waters on the basis of the 1886 lease. Kerala pointed out the injustice in the 1886 lease and questioned its validity.

However, the safety concerns of the 116-year-old dam regarding the safety of the population of Kerala in the event of a dam failure have been at the centre of clashes since 2009. Kerala`s proposal to close the dam and build a new one has been questioned by Tamil Nadu. Initiated in the second half of the 19th century as a rehabilitation measure for the famine-stricken districts of Madurai and Ramanathapuram, a 999-year lease was signed on 29 October 1886 by Vishaakam Thirunal Rama Varma – Maharaja of Travancore – and the British Secretary of State for India. The control and safety of the dam and the validity and fairness of the lease were contentious issues between the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. [61] The Supreme Court`s ruling was delivered on February 27, 2006, which allowed Tamil Nadu to lift the dam to 152 feet (46 m) after it was reinforced. . . .

From → Uncategorized

Comments are closed.